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dc.contributor.authorMilner, Allison
dc.contributor.authorSveticic, Jerneja
dc.contributor.authorDe Leo, Diego
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:04:32Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:04:32Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.date.modified2014-08-28T22:15:07Z
dc.identifier.issn0020-7640
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0020764012444259
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/47533
dc.description.abstractBackground: While numerous past reviews of psychological autopsy (PA) studies have examined the relationship between mental disorder and suicide, there has been little systematic investigation of suicide occurring in the absence of any identifiable psychiatric condition. Aim: This article reviews available literature on the topic by considering Axis I, sub-threshold, mild disorders and personality disorders. Method: We conducted a systematic review of PA studies from 2000 onwards. Studies included in the review had to clearly describe the proportion of suicide cases without a classifiable mental disorder or sub-threshold condition. Results: Up to 66.7% of suicide cases remained without diagnosis in those studies that only examined Axis I disorders (n = 14). Approximately 37.1% of suicide cases had no psychiatric condition in research papers that assessed personality and Axis I disorders (n = 9), and 37% of suicides had no Axis I, sub-threshold/mild conditions (n = 6). In general, areas in China and India had a higher proportion of suicides without a diagnosis than studies based in Europe, North America or Canada. Conclusion: Variation in the proportion of suicide cases without a psychiatric condition may reflect cultural specificities in the conceptualization and diagnosis of mental disorder, as well as methodological and design-related differences between studies.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSage Publications
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom545
dc.relation.ispartofpageto554
dc.relation.ispartofissue6
dc.relation.ispartofjournalInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry
dc.relation.ispartofvolume59
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110399
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110319
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1103
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1701
dc.titleSuicide in the absence of mental disorder? A review of psychological autopsy studies across countries
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyGriffith Health, Australian Institute for Suicide Research & Prevention
gro.date.issued2013
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorDe Leo, Diego
gro.griffith.authorMilner, Allison J.
gro.griffith.authorSveticic, Jerneja


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