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dc.contributor.authorJ. Tambling, Craigen_US
dc.contributor.authorJ. Druce, Daveen_US
dc.contributor.authorW. Hayward, Matten_US
dc.contributor.authorCastley, Guyen_US
dc.contributor.authorAdendorff, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.authorI.H. Kerley, Grahamen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:10:35Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:10:35Z
dc.date.issued2012en_US
dc.date.modified2013-06-04T03:27:58Z
dc.identifier.issn1939-9170en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1890/11-1770.1en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/47605
dc.description.abstractThe reintroduction of large predators provides a framework to investigate responses by prey species to predators. Considerable research has been directed at the impact that reintroduced wolves (Canis lupus) have on cervids, and to a lesser degree, bovids, in northern temperate regions. Generally, these impacts alter feeding, activity, and ranging behavior, or combinations of these. However, there are few studies on the response of African bovids to reintroduced predators, and thus, there is limited data to compare responses by tropical and temperate ungulates to predator reintroductions. Using the reintroduction of lion (Panthera leo) into the Addo Elephant National Park (AENP) Main Camp Section, South Africa, we show that Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer) responses differ from northern temperate ungulates. Following lion reintroduction, buffalo herds amalgamated into larger, more defendable units; this corresponded with an increase in the survival of juvenile buffalo. Current habitat preference of buffalo breeding herds is for open habitats, especially during the night and morning, when lion are active. The increase in group size and habitat preference countered initial high levels of predation on juvenile buffalo, resulting in a return in the proportion of juveniles in breeding herds to pre-lion levels. Our results show that buffalo responses to reintroduced large predators in southern Africa differ to those of northern temperate bovids or cervids in the face of wolf predation. We predict that the nature of the prey response to predator reintroduction is likely to reflect the trade-off between the predator selection and hunting strategy of predators against the life history and foraging strategies of each prey species.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.format.extent165787 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1297en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto1304en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue6en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEcologyen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume93en_US
dc.rights.retentionNen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchWildlife and Habitat Managementen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBehavioural Ecologyen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode050211en_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode060201en_US
dc.titleSpatial and temporal changes in group dynamics and range use enable anti-predator responses in African buffaloen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.rights.copyrightCopyright 2012 Ecological Society of America. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.en_US
gro.date.issued2012
gro.hasfulltextFull Text


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