Bench-scale flotation of chrysocolla with n-octanohydroxamate
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Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) have been employed to characterise the surface layer and compound formation during the interaction of n-octanohydroxamate with chrysocolla and malachite surfaces. The flotation response of a single mineral chrysocolla-quartz sand sample and mixed chrysocolla-malachite-quartz sand sample using n-octanohydroxamate collector has been investigated. Recoveries of 95% were achieved in bench-scale flotation testing, with the best Cu grades achieved at pH > 9. Long conditioning times adversely affected flotation performance. Moderate recovery of impurity minerals in the mineral and sand was also observed.
© 2012 Elsevier Inc. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.