Improved UV resistance in wood through the hydrothermal growth of highly ordered ZnO nanorod arrays
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In this study, wood materials with significantly improved UV resistance were successfully fabricated by growing highly ordered ZnO nanorod arrays on wood surfaces using a facile one-pot hydrothermal method. The resultant samples were characterized via scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction, and attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transformation infrared (ATR-FTIR) techniques. The SEM images clearly show the highly ordered and well-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays directly grown onto the wood surface. ATR-FTIR spectra demonstrate that stable chemical bonds between the hydroxyl groups of the ZnO nanorod array film and the wood surface were formed at the interface of the two materials. An accelerated aging test was used to measure the UV resistance of the original wood and the ZnO/wood composite. The experimental results indicate that the ZnO/wood samples exhibited a more superior UV resistance than the original wood. This significantly improved UV resistance is mainly attributed to the excellent UV absorption of the well-aligned ZnO nanorod arrays grown on the wood surface.
Journal of Materials Science
Physical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Environmental Sciences not elsewhere classified