Leaf structural characteristics are less important than leaf chemical properties in determining the response of leaf mass per area and photosynthesis ofEucalyptus saligna to industrial-age changes in [CO2] and temperature
MetadataShow full item record
The rise in atmospheric [CO2] is associated with increasing air temperature. However, studies on plant responses to interactive effects of [CO2] and temperature are limited, particularly for leaf structural attributes. In this study, Eucalyptus saligna plants were grown in sun-lit glasshouses differing in [CO2] (290, 400, and 650 孯l mol-1) and temperature (26 àand 30 é. Leaf anatomy and chloroplast parameters were assessed with three-dimensional confocal microscopy, and the interactive effects of [CO2] and temperature were quantified. The relative influence of leaf structural attributes and chemical properties on the variation of leaf mass per area (LMA) and photosynthesis within these climate regimes was also determined. Leaf thickness and mesophyll size increased in higher [CO2] but decreased at the warmer temperature; no treatment interaction was observed. In pre-industrial [CO2], warming reduced chloroplast diameter without altering chloroplast number per cell, but the opposite pattern (reduced chloroplast number per cell and unchanged chloroplast diameter) was observed in both current and projected [CO2]. The variation of LMA was primarily explained by total non-structural carbohydrate (TNC) concentration rather than leaf thickness. Leaf photosynthetic capacity (light- and [CO2]-saturated rate at 28 é and light-saturated photosynthesis (under growth [CO2] and temperature) were primarily determined by leaf nitrogen contents, while secondarily affected by chloroplast gas exchange surface area and chloroplast number per cell, respectively. In conclusion, leaf structural attributes are less important than TNC and nitrogen in affecting LMA and photosynthesis in the studied climate regimes, indicating that leaf structural attributes have limited capacity to adjust these functional traits in a changing climate.
Journal of Experimental Botany
© 2012 Oxford University Press. This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in the Journal of Experimental Botany following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version: Leaf structural characteristics are less important than leaf chemical properties in determining the response of leaf mass per area and photosynthesis of Eucalyptus saligna to industrial-age changes in [CO2] and temperature, Health Promotion International, Volume 63, Issue 16, 2012, Pp. 5829-5841, is available online at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/ers231