Read, think, do! A method for fitting research evidence into practice
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Aim. This paper discusses a process for research utilization that overcomes well-known barriers in order to influence clinical decision-making and practice change. Read, Think, Do! is a problem-solving approach to research utilization and practice development which has the potential to overcome barriers to research utilization. Background. Any process for research utilization at the practice level needs to overcome numerous barriers in order to influence clinical decision-making and practice change. Access to research-based knowledge is an obvious first step in the evidence-based approach to care delivery, but is clearly inadequate alone in influencing the improvement of practice. Discussion. Read, Think, Do! acknowledges the complexity of problem-solving processes from the outset by looking for (1) the evidence, (2) assessing the value to practice, and (3) addressing the social and cultural milieu of the practice setting to ascertain the best strategies for initiating and sustaining practice change. This approach draws distal forms of empirical knowledge that have the capacity to improve patient outcomes into the proximal knowledge base of the clinical nurse. This is achieved by collaboration, planning and evaluation involving all levels of staff and a specialist facilitator, the Clinical Nurse Consultant in evidence-based practice. Conclusion. Read, Think, Do! is a method of research utilization and practice development that has the potential to overcome barriers to research utilization and avoid the 'misplaced concreteness' that can occur when trying to fit empiricism into practice. By addressing the breadth and diversity of issues surrounding research utilization in a systematic manner it presents a sustainable method for practice change informed by evidence.
Journal of Advanced Nursing
© 2005 Blackwell Publishing. The definitive version is available at [www.blackwell-synergy.com.]