Nearest Neighbor Classifier Based on Nearest Feature Decisions
High feature dimensionality of realistic datasets adversely affects the recognition accuracy of nearest neighbor (NN) classifiers. To address this issue, we introduce a nearest feature classifier that shifts the NN concept from the global-decision level to the level of individual features. Performance comparisons with 12 instance-based classifiers on 13 benchmark University of California Irvine classification datasets show average improvements of 6 and 3.5% in recognition accuracy and area under curve performance measures, respectively. The statistical significance of the observed performance improvements is verified by the Friedman test and by the post hoc Bonferroni-Dunn test. In addition, the application of the classifier is demonstrated on face recognition databases, a character recognition database and medical diagnosis problems for binary and multi-class diagnosis on databases including morphological and gene expression features.
The Computer Journal
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