Confirmatory factor analysis of the Cybernetic Coping Scale.
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The Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ: Folkman & Lazarus, 1985) remains one of the widely used measures of self-report coping behaviours, despite an acknowledgement of its relatively poor psychometric properties. In contrast, the Cybernetic Coping Scale (CCS: Edwards & Baglioni, 1993) appears to have improved psychometric characteristics but is scarcely employed within published research. To examine the factor structure and criterion validity of the CCS, a longitudinal study was conducted using a diverse sample of New Zealand employees from a range of organisations. Using confirmatory factor analysis, the CCS was found to have construct validity over time. However, a fourteen item CCS model produced the best goodness-of-fit and improved item properties. The implications of this improved CCS are discussed in terms of longitudinal research designs and the necessity for the inclusion of robust self-report coping measures.
Journal of Occupational and Organisational Psychology