Using the expectancy value model of motivation to understand the relationship between student attitudes and achievement in statistics
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We tested a model of the relationship between attitudes toward statistics and achievement based on Eccles' Expectancy Value Model (1983). Participants (n = 149; 83% female) were second-year Australian university students in a psychology statistics course (mean age = 23.36 years, SD = 7.94 years). We obtained demographic details, past performance, attitudes, and expectancies in Week 2, and attendance records (effort) and course marks (achievement) at the end of semester. Path analysis was conducted via AMOS 19. The final model fit well and explained 40% of the variance in achievement. Past performance (22%), effort (8%), and expectancies (2%) made significant direct contributions. There were significant indirect contributions by each attitude component. Cognitive competence made the largest indirect contribution.
Statistics Education Research Journal
Copyright 2012 International Association of Statistics Education. This is an electronic version of an article published in Statistics Education Research Journal, Vol.11 (2), pp.72-85, 2012. Statistics Education Research Journal is available online at: http://iase-web.org/Publications.php?p=SERJ with the open URL of your article.