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dc.contributor.authorMorrison, C
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-31T12:30:40Z
dc.date.available2017-10-31T12:30:40Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.date.modified2013-04-17T04:22:04Z
dc.identifier.issn1038-2097
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/50458
dc.description.abstractThe Pacific region has high levels of endemism and contains three of the world's global biodiversity hotspots. Despite its conservation significance, the region faces difficulties in protecting its biodiversity primarily due to restricted knowledge, limited local capacity and financial constraints. Tourism has been increasingly promoted in the region as a means of promoting and financing conservation activities. To date however, there have been few studies looking at the impacts of increasing tourism on biodiversity in the Pacific. This paper reviews publicly available data on the contribution of tourism to the threatened status of Pacific biodiversity. The ~1900 IUCN Red listed species in the region are threatened by a number of factors that can be grouped into four major processes; habitat loss (55%), overexploitation (32%), invasive species (22%) and pollution (14%). Tourism, as a specific threatening process, affects 15% of all assessed listed species with its impacts more apparent in countries with relatively large and significant tourism industries. Most of the individual species reported as threatened by tourism are corals (83%). Terrestrial species may be equally threatened but the absence of National Lists of threatened species and incomplete IUCN Red Lists for all countries in the region highlights significant knowledge gaps making it difficult to fully assess the impacts of tourism on all taxa. While sustainable tourism development currently appears to be a suitable income-generating and conservation-promoting activity in the region, the short and long-term impacts of this development must be carefully monitored and addressed.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSurrey Beatty & Sons
dc.publisher.placeAustralia
dc.publisher.urihttp://pcb.murdoch.edu.au/
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom227
dc.relation.ispartofpageto239
dc.relation.ispartofissue4
dc.relation.ispartofjournalPacific Conservation Biology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume18
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchConservation and biodiversity
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiological sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAgricultural, veterinary and food sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchImpacts of tourism
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode41
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode410401
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode31
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode30
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode350801
dc.titleImpacts of tourism on threatened species in the Pacific region: a review
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Environment
gro.date.issued2012
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorMorrison, Clare C.


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