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dc.contributor.authorTurner, Lyle R
dc.contributor.authorBarnett, Adrian G
dc.contributor.authorConnell, Des
dc.contributor.authorTong, Shilu
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T13:16:59Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T13:16:59Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.date.modified2013-06-12T23:25:19Z
dc.identifier.issn1044-3983
dc.identifier.doi10.1097/EDE.0b013e3182572795
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/51462
dc.description.abstractBackground: The effect of extreme temperature has become an increasing public health concern. Evaluating the impact of ambient temperature on morbidity has received less attention than its impact on mortality. Methods: We performed a systematic literature review and extracted quantitative estimates of the effects of hot temperatures on cardiorespiratory morbidity. There were too few studies on effects of cold temperatures to warrant a summary. Pooled estimates of effects of heat were calculated using a Bayesian hierarchical approach that allowed multiple results to be included from the same study, particularly results at different latitudes and with varying lagged effects. Results: Twenty-one studies were included in the final meta-analysis. The pooled results suggest an increase of 3.2% (95% posterior interval = -3.2% to 10.1%) in respiratory morbidity with 1àincrease on hot days. No apparent association was observed for cardiovascular morbidity (-0.5% [-3.0% to 2.1%]). The length of lags had inconsistent effects on the risk of respiratory and cardiovascular morbidity, whereas latitude had little effect on either. Conclusions: The effects of temperature on cardiorespiratory morbidity seemed to be smaller and more variable than previous findings related to mortality.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom594
dc.relation.ispartofpageto606
dc.relation.ispartofissue4
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEpidemiology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume23
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEcology not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchStatistics
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode060299
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0104
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.titleAmbient temperature and cardiorespiratory morbidity: A systematic review and meta-analysis
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.date.issued2012
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorConnell, Des W.


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