How ischaemic region shape affects ST potentials in models of cardiac tissue
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This numerical study uses a simple bidomain model of cardiac tissue to compare the effect of three different ischaemic region geometries (rectangular, cylindrical and semi-ellipsoidal) on the extracellular epicardial potentials during the ST segment. Results are obtained using anisotropic conductivities based on experimentally derived data. The model is then altered, to include heterogeneous conductivities in the ischaemic region and larger border zone widths, in order to better reproduce realistic scenarios. Initial results for the rectangular and cylindrical ischaemic shapes show a central depression over the ischaemic region, for low ischaemic thicknesses, which separates into three depressions as the ischaemic thickness increases. For ischaemic thicknesses above 70% an elevation appears over the ischaemic region and this increases in magnitude as the ischaemia becomes transmural. Results for the semi-ellipsoidal shape, however, differ, with the central depression separating into only two depressions as the thickness increases. Changing the conductivity inside the ischaemic region significantly affects results for each geometry, with depression staying over the ischaemic region for much higher levels of ischaemia (up to 90% thickness). Increasing the intramural border zone thickness did not significantly affect the epicardial potential distributions.
© 2012 Elsevier. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.