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dc.contributor.authorHo, Suleen
dc.contributor.authorDhaliwal, Satvinder
dc.contributor.authorHills, Andrew
dc.contributor.authorPal, Sebely C.
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T16:00:48Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T16:00:48Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.date.modified2013-06-26T03:27:04Z
dc.identifier.issn14712458
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1471-2458-12-704
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/51942
dc.description.abstractBackground Evidence suggests that exercise training improves CVD risk factors. However, it is unclear whether health benefits are limited to aerobic training or if other exercise modalities such as resistance training or a combination are as effective or more effective in the overweight and obese. The aim of this study is to investigate whether 12 weeks of moderate-intensity aerobic, resistance, or combined exercise training would induce and sustain improvements in cardiovascular risk profile, weight and fat loss in overweight and obese adults compared to no exercise. Methods Twelve-week randomized parallel design examining the effects of different exercise regimes on fasting measures of lipids, glucose and insulin and changes in body weight, fat mass and dietary intake. Participants were randomized to either: Group 1 (Control, n?=?16); Group 2 (Aerobic, n?=?15); Group 3 (Resistance, n?=?16); Group 4 (Combination, n?=?17). Data was analysed using General Linear Model to assess the effects of the groups after adjusting for baseline values. Within-group data was analyzed with the paired t-test and between-group effects using post hoc comparisons. Results Significant improvements in body weight (-1.6%, p?=?0.044) for the Combination group compared to Control and Resistance groups and total body fat compared to Control (-4.4%, p?=?0.003) and Resistance (-3%, p?=?0.041). Significant improvements in body fat percentage (-2.6%, p?=?0.008), abdominal fat percentage (-2.8%, p?=?0.034) and cardio-respiratory fitness (13.3%, p?=?0.006) were seen in the Combination group compared to Control. Levels of ApoB48 were 32% lower in the Resistance group compared to Control (p?=?0.04). Conclusion A 12-week training program comprising of resistance or combination exercise, at moderate-intensity for 30 min, five days/week resulted in improvements in the cardiovascular risk profile in overweight and obese participants compared to no exercise. From our observations, combination exercise gave greater benefits for weight loss, fat loss and cardio-respiratory fitness than aerobic and resistance training modalities. Therefore, combination exercise training should be recommended for overweight and obese adults in National Physical Activity Guidelines.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.format.extent578209 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBioMed Central
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom704
dc.relation.ispartofpageto715
dc.relation.ispartofjournalBMC Public Health
dc.relation.ispartofvolume12
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchExercise Physiology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110602
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.titleThe effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, resistance or combination exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in the overweight and obese in a randomized trial
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
dcterms.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
gro.description.notepublicPage numbers are not for citation purposes. Instead, this article has the unique article number of 704.
gro.rights.copyright© 2012 Ho et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
gro.date.issued2012
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorHills, Andrew


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