Risk of pneumonia in relation to body mass index in Australian Aboriginal people
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This study examined the relationship between body mass index and the risk of pneumonia in Aboriginal Australians. A total of 677 adults aged 20-60 years were followed up from the baseline examination in 1992-1995 to June, 2012. The pneumonia events were identified through hospital records. The pneumonia incident rates were calculated according to BMI groups. The hazard ratios were computed using Cox regression adjusting for age, smoking and alcohol drinking status. The incident rate of pneumonia was 13.3 per 1000 person-years, and this rate was significantly higher among females than among males (RR, 1.5). Compared with the males with normal BMI (18.5-24.9 kg/m2), the adjusted hazard ratio was 3.5 for males with lowest BMI (p<0.01). Low BMI was significantly associated with a higher risk of hospitalized pneumonia among Aboriginal males. However, the U-shape trend of this association indicates that the risk of pneumonia is likely to be associated with both low and high BMI.
Epidemiology and Infection
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Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety