Indigeneity and the Likelihood of Imprisonment in Queensland's Adult and Children's Courts
Australian research on Indigenous sentencing disparities of the standard of international work is somewhat recent. Contrary to expectations based on international research, Australian studies generally have not found Indigenous offenders to be treated substantively more harshly than non-Indigenous offenders in similar circumstances. However, this research has primarily focused on adult higher courts, with little attention to lower courts and children's courts. In this article, we examine whether Indigeneity has a direct impact on the judicial decision to incarcerate for three courts (adult higher, adult lower, children's higher court) in Queensland. We found no significant differences in the likelihood of a sentence of incarceration in the higher courts (adult and children's). In contrast, in the lower courts, Indigenous defendants were more likely to be imprisoned than non-Indigenous defendants when sentenced under statistically similar circumstances.
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law
Courts and Sentencing