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dc.contributor.authorWest, Jamesen_US
dc.contributor.authorSchandl, Heinzen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-29T12:34:05Z
dc.date.available2017-05-29T12:34:05Z
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.date.modified2013-09-24T22:33:48Z
dc.identifier.issn09218009en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.06.015en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/53316
dc.description.abstractDifferent world regions have followed very different trajectories for natural resources use over the recent decades. Latin America has pursued a development path based largely on exports of primary resources. Adopting this path has characteristic environmental and social impacts. In this paper, we provide the first broad based estimate of material use and material efficiency for the region, beginning in 1970 and extending to the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008. The results show a region with rapidly growing primary materials consumption, which is simultaneously becoming less efficient at converting those resources into national income. Using an IPAT framework, we found that population growth and rising per-capita incomes made comparable contributions to growing material use, while technological change as reflected in material intensity, did not moderate consumption. Increasing materials intensity, observed for the region as a whole, is also observed for most individual countries. This contrasts with some other world regions, and implies that many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean will confront higher environmental pressures than expected when expanding their extractive industries to take advantage of new demand from other world regions, while simultaneously supplying the requirements for their own domestic industrial transformations and urbanization.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.format.extent908511 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationYen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom19en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto27en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEcological Economicsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume94en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Science and Management not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode050299en_US
dc.titleMaterial use and material efficiency in Latin America and the Caribbeanen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.rights.copyright© 2013 Elsevier B.V. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.en_US
gro.date.issued2013
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorWest, Jim


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