Tussen Stedenbouw en Stadsbestuur : De Stedententoonstelling Van Patrick Geddes En Het Internationaal Stedencongres
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The First International Congress of Town Planning and the Organisation of City Life and the Comparative Exhibition of Cities that were organized in Ghent in 1913 are a milestone in the history of town and city planning. The congress that the Belgian socialist senator Emile Vinck and the internationalist Paul Otlet set out to organize aimed to formalize the body of knowledge that was being developed by experts in their study of different municipal problems and systematize their main conclusions and principles into a comprehensive science of the city. Beyond this scientific goal, they also hoped that such a congress would bring together an international group of representatives from different governmental administrations, municipalities and associations. As a complement to the Congress, an exhibition was organized whose principal part was the Cities and Town Planning Exhibition of the Scottish town planner and urban sociologist Patrick Geddes. It continued a tradition of recent exhibitions on town planning, such as the Town Planning Exhibition of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1910 and the Allgemeine St䤴ebau Ausstellung in Berlin in 1910. According to the British town planner Patrick Abercrombie, the exhibitions in London and Berlin far surpassed the show in Ghent from the pictorial point of view, but 'to anyone who takes a real intellectual interest in Town Planning, there can be no doubt as to which of the three was the most valuable'. The exhibition took place in a hall next to the Pavilion of Brussels and was embedded in the structure of the Ghent Universal Exhibition of 1913. In its survey-approach to the city, Geddes's exhibition gave a refreshing interdisciplinary view on how documentation on individual cities could be gathered and how a comparative analysis of that documentation would show the way to establish a broadly defined science of the city which the Congress of Cities also aimed to see formally created.
Gent 1913: Op Het Breukvlak Van De Moderniteit
Architectural History and Theory