Formation of Gold−Methanethiyl Self-Assembled Monolayers
The energetics of formation of thiyl-gold self-assembled monolayers is investigated using density-functional theory simulations. It is found that the chemisorption of dimethyl disulfide on the reconstructed Au(111) (22 נv3) surface is most favored at the fcc reconstruction stripe, with initial physisorption leading to disulfide dissociation, adatom/vacancy-pair formation, and then, at a coverage of 7.8% sulfur atoms per gold atom, surface reconstruction lifting. At higher coverages, monolayer formation proceeds similarly on the unreconstructed surface, leading to surface pitting. Formation of the analogous adatom/vacancy-pair bound dissociated adsorbate complex on exposure of the clean unreconstructed surface to methanethiol is shown to be endothermic, however.
Journal of the American Chemical Society
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Surfaces and Structural Properties of Condensed Matter