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dc.contributor.authorQu, Xiaobo
dc.contributor.authorMeng, Qiang
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Zhiyuan
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T16:09:51Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T16:09:51Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.date.modified2014-01-07T04:38:06Z
dc.identifier.issn0001-4575
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.aap.2012.06.010
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/55277
dc.description.abstractThe quantitative risk assessment (QRA) is one of the explicit requirements under the European Union (EU) Directive (2004/54/EC). As part of this, it is essential to be able to estimate the number of fatalities in different accident scenarios. In this paper, a tangible methodology is developed to estimate the number of fatalities caused by toxic gases due to fire in road tunnels by incorporating traffic flow and the spread of fire in tunnels. First, a deterministic queuing model is proposed to calculate the number of people at risk, by taking into account tunnel geometry, traffic flow patterns, and incident response plans for road tunnels. Second, the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is used to obtain the temperature and concentrations of CO, CO2, and O2. By taking advantage of the additivity of the fractional effective dose (FED) method, fatality rates for different locations in given time periods can be estimated. An illustrative case study is carried out to demonstrate the applicability of the proposed methodology.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom616
dc.relation.ispartofpageto621
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAccident Analysis & Prevention
dc.relation.ispartofvolume50
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchTransport engineering
dc.subject.fieldofresearchTransportation, logistics and supply chains
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode400512
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3509
dc.titleEstimation of number of fatalities caused by toxic gases due to fire in road tunnels
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyGriffith Sciences, Griffith School of Engineering
gro.date.issued2013
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorQu, Xiaobo


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