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dc.contributor.authorAjani, JI
dc.contributor.authorKeith, H
dc.contributor.authorBlakers, M
dc.contributor.authorMackey, BG
dc.contributor.authorKing, HP
dc.contributor.editorR.B. Howarth
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:45:35Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:45:35Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.date.modified2014-01-17T04:45:59Z
dc.identifier.issn0921-8009
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.01.010
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/55800
dc.description.abstractGreenhouse gas (GHG) inventories underpinning the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Kyoto Protocol report each country's net annual emissions, that is GHG flows. Yet the UNFCCC's goal is defined as a stock (atmospheric GHG concentration). Flow inventories are apt for the fossil fuel sector where flows are effectively one way, stock changes are almost entirely anthropogenic, and stocks are stable in the absence of human perturbation. For the land sector, flow-based GHG inventories obscure fundamental differences between ecosystems: in their carbon stock stability, restoration capacity, and density. This paper presents a national carbon accounting framework that is comprehensive and includes stocks as well as flows for reservoirs, lands and activities continuously over time. It complements current flow-based inventories under the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol. The framework differentiates reservoirs by their role in the global carbon cycle, distinguishing between geocarbon (carbon in the geosphere), biocarbon (carbon in the biosphere) and anthropogenic carbon (stockpiles, products and waste). A reservoir ranking system is proposed based on longevity, reversibility of carbon loss, and carbon density. This framework will support policy makers and researchers grappling with mitigation strategies and competing demands on agricultural land and natural ecosystems.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom61
dc.relation.ispartofpageto72
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEcological Economics
dc.relation.ispartofvolume89
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Management
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Science and Management
dc.subject.fieldofresearchApplied Economics
dc.subject.fieldofresearchOther Economics
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode050205
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0502
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1402
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1499
dc.titleComprehensive carbon stock and flow accounting: A national framework to support climate change mitigation policy
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.date.issued2013
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorMackey, Brendan


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