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dc.contributor.authorI. Ajani, Judithen_US
dc.contributor.authorKeith, Heatheren_US
dc.contributor.authorBlakers, Margareten_US
dc.contributor.authorMackey, Brendanen_US
dc.contributor.authorP. King, Helenen_US
dc.contributor.editorR.B. Howarthen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:45:35Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:45:35Z
dc.date.issued2013en_US
dc.date.modified2014-01-17T04:45:59Z
dc.identifier.issn18736106en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.01.010en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/55800
dc.description.abstractGreenhouse gas (GHG) inventories underpinning the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and Kyoto Protocol report each country's net annual emissions, that is GHG flows. Yet the UNFCCC's goal is defined as a stock (atmospheric GHG concentration). Flow inventories are apt for the fossil fuel sector where flows are effectively one way, stock changes are almost entirely anthropogenic, and stocks are stable in the absence of human perturbation. For the land sector, flow-based GHG inventories obscure fundamental differences between ecosystems: in their carbon stock stability, restoration capacity, and density. This paper presents a national carbon accounting framework that is comprehensive and includes stocks as well as flows for reservoirs, lands and activities continuously over time. It complements current flow-based inventories under the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol. The framework differentiates reservoirs by their role in the global carbon cycle, distinguishing between geocarbon (carbon in the geosphere), biocarbon (carbon in the biosphere) and anthropogenic carbon (stockpiles, products and waste). A reservoir ranking system is proposed based on longevity, reversibility of carbon loss, and carbon density. This framework will support policy makers and researchers grappling with mitigation strategies and competing demands on agricultural land and natural ecosystems.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherElsevieren_US
dc.publisher.placeNetherlandsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom61en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto72en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalEcological Economicsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume89en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchEnvironmental Managementen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode050205en_US
dc.titleComprehensive carbon stock and flow accounting: A national framework to support climate change mitigation policyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.date.issued2013
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text


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