Emerging understanding of dosimetric factors impacting on dysphagia and nutrition following radiotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer
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Background Research has reported relationships between 3-dimensional (3D) radiation dose to head and neck structures and consequential swallowing/nutritional outcomes. However, this evidence is preliminary. The current study aimed to identify which reported dose constraints identified functional impairment at 6 months posttreatment. Methods Dose constraints with reported relationships to swallowing and nutrition were identified through a systematic literature review. Dose-volume histograms for 12 patients with T1-T3 oropharyngeal cancer treated with 3D conformal radiotherapy determined dosages delivered to specific structures. Doses were examined in relation to published dose constraints and the swallowing and nutritional outcomes at 6 months posttreatment. Results In all, 66% of the reported mean, maximum, and partial doses to 8 structures correctly identified swallowing and nutrition outcomes at 6 months. Conclusion The relationships observed between known dosimetric constraints and functional outcomes highlight the potential for dosimetric data to assist in prognosis and treatment. Systematic research is required to refine dosimetric parameters and the impact on functional outcomes.
Head & Neck
© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Emerging understanding of dosimetric factors impacting on dysphagia and nutrition following radiotherapy for oropharyngeal cancer, Head & Neck, Volume 35, Issue 8, 2013, Pages 1211-1219, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/hed.23040. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving (http://olabout.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-828039.html)