Work/Family Conflict, Psychological Well-Being, Satisfaction and Social Support: A Longitudinal Study in New Zealand
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A survey of employed workers was conducted at two time periods to assess relationships between work-family conflict, well-being, and job and family satisfaction, along with the role of social support from work colleagues and family members. Levels of work-to-family interference (WFI) were found to be uniformly higher than family-to-work interference (FWI). However, at each time period FWI showed more consistent negative relationships with well-being and satisfaction, indicating that family-to-work interference may have a greater bearing on employees' affective reactions. There were few cross-time relationships between work-family conflict and these reactions, which suggests that the association of work-family conflict with well-being and satisfaction may be time-dependent. Although there was some evidence that social support from work colleagues moderated the relationship of WFI with psychological strain and family satisfaction, family support did not display a consistent moderator influence. Instead, both forms of support tended to exhibit direct (rather than moderator) relationships with the outcome variables. Implications of the findings for research and interventions are discussed.
Equal Opportunities International