The tourism disaster vulnerability framework: an application to tourism in small island destinations
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Abstract Islands are known to be vulnerable to natural hazards, resulting in substantial risks for their tourism industries. To facilitate the systematic analysis of the underlying vulnerability drivers, a tourism disaster vulnerability framework was developed. The conceptual model then guided qualitative empirical research in three regions: the Caribbean, the South Pacific, and the Indian Ocean. The results from 73 interviews highlight common, as well as idiosyncratic, factors that shape the islands' hazardscapes and vulnerabilities.Key vulnerabilities included social, economic, political, and environmental dimensions. Probably, the most critical vulnerability driver is the lack of private sector investment in disaster risk reduction. This is interrelated with deficient planning processes, on-going demand for coastal products, lack of political will, and poor environmental conditions. Notwithstanding many barriers, some businesses and organisations engage proactively in addressing disaster risk. The paper's empirical evidence supports the validity of the framework, and suggestions for further research are made.
© 2013 Springer Netherlands. This is an electronic version of an article published in Natural Hazards, March 2014, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 955-972. Natural Hazards is available online at: http://link.springer.com/ with the open URL of your article.
Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services not elsewhere classified