Following the carbon trail of a umrah traveler
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Travel is the second largest economic activity in the world accounting to 9% of the world's GDP and 14% of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Religious tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors in the tourism industry. Umrah or minor pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca is one of the oldest and largest religious events outside the Christian world. Sustainable destinations principle is fast becoming a popular theme for managing the environmental impacts from tourism activities. Quantifying the environmental impacts of the event is essential for the successful application of 'sustainable destinations' concept. In this paper, life cycle methodology is used to quantify the carbon emissions from the umrah travel from Egypt. The global warming potential impact (GWPI) of Egyptian umrah goers accounts for 26,700 tonne CO2-eq per year. This averages to 44.5 kg CO2-eq per tourist.day with air travel being the largest contributor responsible for 37% of the total emissions followed by meals and hotel accommodation.
3rd Regional Conference of Tourism Research: 'Innovation & Optimisation of Tourism Research'
© 2013 Sustainable Tourism Research Cluster. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the conference's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Environmental Engineering not elsewhere classified