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dc.contributor.authorDaly, Kathleen
dc.contributor.authorBouhours, Brigitte
dc.contributor.authorBroadhurst, Roderic
dc.contributor.authorLoh, Nini
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:20:00Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:20:00Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.date.modified2014-02-19T22:15:06Z
dc.identifier.issn0004-8658
dc.identifier.doi10.1177/0004865812470383
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/56849
dc.description.abstractOur aim was to determine the overall rates of general and sexual re-offending of youth (i.e. aged under 18 at the time of offence) charged with sexual offences, ranging from indecent exposure to rape, over 6.5 years in South Australia and whose cases were finalised in court, by conference and by formal caution (N?=?365). Controlling for previous offending, we examined if re-offending varied by site of finalisation or by referral to Mary Street, a specialist treatment program. Follow-up times ranged from six to 84 months. We applied a parametric form of survival analysis by fitting the Weibull 'mixture model' to the Kaplan-Meier cumulative distribution of failure times (time to re-offend). Covariates, such as prior offending or referral to Mary Street, were introduced to test for differences in survival rates, immune proportions or both between groups. By the cut-off date, 54% of youth had been charged with new non-sexual offences but only 9% with new sexual offences. Court youth had a higher rate of re-offending than conference youth, but these differences were largely explained by prior offending. For the subgroup with no previous offending, however, a significantly slower rate of re-offending was observed for conference youth and for those who were referred to Mary Street. We were able to control for the main effect of prior offending, but complex interactions between co-variates such as offence types, early admissions to offending and legal and therapeutic responses could not be disentangled in our small sample, and we could not explore factors linked specifically to sexual re-offending. Future research should examine the enmeshment of key factors that set youth on differing legal pathways; this phenomenon affects studies comparing conference and court outcomes, whether in naturalistic settings or in randomised field experiments.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSage Publications
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom241
dc.relation.ispartofpageto267
dc.relation.ispartofissue2
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAustralian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume46
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCourts and Sentencing
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPsychology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchLaw
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160203
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1602
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1701
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1801
dc.titleYouth sex offending, recidivism and restorative justice: Comparing court and conference cases
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyArts, Education & Law Group, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice
gro.date.issued2013
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorDaly, Kathleen
gro.griffith.authorBouhours, Brigitte


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