Factors that Catalyse, Facilitate and Motivate the Decision to Implement Activity-Based Costing in Jordanian Industrial Companies
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Purpose - In spite of facilitating and motivating factors in the external environment, the implementation of new management-accounting techniques as activity-based costing (ABC) in companies is disappointing. The aim of the study is to determine factors that catalyse, facilitate and motivate the decision to implement ABC in Jordanian industrial companies. Additional objectives include determining the problems associated with ABC implementation and assessing the degree of success of ABC implementation in Jordan. Design/methodology/approach - A sample of the Jordanian industrial companies was selected and a questionnaire survey was employed using a five-point Likert scale to collect data from the financial managers, descriptive and analytical statistics were used to analyze the collected data. Findings - The findings indicate that the most important factor that facilitates the decision to implement ABC was the provision of adequate training and the most influential factors which motivate the process of ABC implementation include an increasing proportion of overhead costs, and an increasing number of product variants. Consequently, this study found that the interaction of three types of factors (catalysts, facilitators and motivators) create the potential for change in these companies. Barriers to change could make the change process slower, hindering, and even preventing change; and barriers to change were identified that may explain the differing implementation rates of ABC in the Jordanian industrial sector. The greatest barrier to implementing ABC was found to be its high cost of implementation, followed by the high cost of ABC consultancy and computer staff time. Originality/value - The study adds new elements to the institutional approach, and integrates it with concepts from psychology and organizational culture, to create a better understanding of management accounting. The results of study contribute to existing knowledge in the area of understanding the factors which act as catalysts, facilitate, and motivate ABC innovation and of those factors that create barriers to ABC implementation in Jordan.
Journal of Applied Accounting Research