Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorTacon, Paul SC
dc.contributor.authorBoivin, Nicole
dc.contributor.authorPetraglia, Michael
dc.contributor.authorBlinkhorn, James
dc.contributor.authorChivas, Allan
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Richard G
dc.contributor.authorFink, David
dc.contributor.authorHigham, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorDitchfield, Peter
dc.contributor.authorKorisettar, Ravi
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Jian-xin
dc.contributor.editorC.O. Hunt, R.G. Klein, Th. Rehren & R. Torrence
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:03:03Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:03:03Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.date.modified2014-03-27T04:10:27Z
dc.identifier.issn0305-4403
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jas.2012.12.006
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/57337
dc.description.abstractIndia has one of the world's largest and most significant bodies of rock paintings and engravings, yet not a single rock art site or image has been directly and accurately dated using radiometric techniques. Here we report on results from the Billasurgam Cave complex near Kurnool in southern India. Although this cave complex has been investigated archaeologically since the late 1800s, it was not until 2008 that a large petroglyph, consisting of the remains of three nested diamond designs on a stalactite, was noted. In order to determine if this petroglyph had been made recently, flowstone was sampled from on top of and below the engraving. Radiocarbon dating revealed a mid-Holocene age of about 5000 cal BP for the petroglyph, but we cannot rule out the possibility that the engraving is several centuries younger. Similar nested diamond designs at some rock painting sites and on a chert core elsewhere in India have been assumed to be Mesolithic. Our result is consistent with this hypothesis, although we note that it also consistent with the creation of the petroglyph in the early Neolithic. We conclude that the Billasurgam engraved diamond design was probably made by Mesolithic foragers of the Kurnool region and is the oldest surviving form of rock art yet directly dated in southern India.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom1787
dc.relation.ispartofpageto1796
dc.relation.ispartofissue4
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Archaeological Science
dc.relation.ispartofvolume40
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchArchaeology of Asia, Africa and the Americas
dc.subject.fieldofresearchGeochemistry
dc.subject.fieldofresearchGeology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchArchaeology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode210103
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0402
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode0403
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode2101
dc.titleMid-Holocene age obtained for nested diamond pattern petroglyph in the Billasurgam Cave complex, Kurnool District, southern India
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyArts, Education & Law Group, School of Humanities, Languages and Social Sciences
gro.date.issued2013
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorTacon, Paul S.
gro.griffith.authorPetraglia, Michael


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal articles
    Contains articles published by Griffith authors in scholarly journals.

Show simple item record