Identification of diaryl 5-amino-1,2,4-oxadiazoles as tubulin inhibitors: The special case of 3-(2-fluorophenyl)-5-(4-methoxyphenyl)amino-1,2,4-oxadiazole
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The combination of experimental (inhibition of colchicine binding) and computational (COMPARE, docking studies) data unequivocally identified diaryl 5-amino-1,2,4-oxadiazoles as potent tubulin inhibitors. Good correlation was observed between tubulin binding and cytostatic properties for all tested compounds with the notable exception of the lead candidate, 3-(3-methoxyphenyl)-5-(4-methoxyphenyl)amino-1,2,4-oxadiazole (DCP 10500078). This compound was found to be substantially more active in our in vitro experiments than the monofluorinated title compound, 3-(2-fluorophenyl)-5-(4-methoxyphenyl)amino-1,2,4-oxadiazole (DCP 10500067/NSC 757486), which in turn demonstrated slightly better tubulin binding activity. Comparative SAR analysis of 25 diaryl 5-amino-1,2,4-oxadiazoles with other known tubulin inhibitors, such as combretastatin A-4 (CA-4) and colchicine, provides further insight into the specifics of their binding as well as a plausible mechanism of action.
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Medical Biochemistry: Amino Acids and Metabolites
Medical Biochemistry: Inorganic Elements and Compounds