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dc.contributor.authorLevy, Ron
dc.date.accessioned2009-08-13
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-08T04:19:22Z
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-02T00:52:42Z
dc.date.available2017-03-02T00:52:42Z
dc.date.issued2002
dc.date.modified2014-04-08T04:19:22Z
dc.identifier.issn0002-4821
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/57928
dc.description.abstract“Expressive harms” are rights violations that may arise from governmental expression through laws or state action, even absent material or otherwise tangible harms. Same-sex marriage provides an example: having won rights to most marriage-related economic benefits in M. v. H., gays and lesbians nevertheless fought for state recognition of their marriages in Halpern v. Canada. The author delineates three conceptions of expressive harms. Among these are what may be termed “direct dignity harms”; on this conception, some forms of state expression exert effects upon human dignity without intermediate steps (for example, stereotyping) or ultimate material consequences (for example, exclusion from benefits). The author provides, in particular, an account of direct-dignity expressive harms and relates this account to the equality jurisprudence of s. 15 of the Charter. Finally, the author shows how the Supreme Court of Canada has implicitly incorporated expressive insights within s. 15, but suggests that the Court has done so with some incoherence. By failing to make explicit its reliance on several expressive and other rationales, the Court has produced an equality test with requirements derived from various conflated equality approaches, rendering the test unnecessarily onerous for some claimants.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.publisherAlberta Law Review Society
dc.publisher.placeEdmonton, Canada
dc.publisher.urihttp://www.albertalawreview.com/index.php/alr
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom393
dc.relation.ispartofpageto416
dc.relation.ispartofissue1
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAlberta Law Review
dc.relation.ispartofvolume40
dc.subject.fieldofresearchConstitutional Law
dc.subject.fieldofresearchLaw
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode180108
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1801
dc.title‘Expressive Harms and the Strands of Charter Equality: Drawing Out Parallel Coherent Approaches to Discrimination’
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codec1x
gro.facultyArts, Education and Law
gro.date.issued2002
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorLevy, Ron


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