Work-life conflict and facilitation among Australian Muslim men
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explore work-life conflict and work-life facilitation among employed Muslim men, a growing ethno-religious minority in Australia. Design/methodology/approach - The study is guided by the interpretive paradigm and is qualitative in nature. The primary data collection method was semi-structured in-depth interviews and 20 participants participated in the study. Findings - Australian Muslim men experience both work-life conflict and facilitation simultaneously; however, facilitation is reported more frequently. Work flexibility, work and family support, and religiosity promote work-life facilitation. In contrast, workload and work hours lead to feelings of conflict, with workload being the stronger antecedent. Importantly, religious values and beliefs are an underpinning influence on participants' experiences. Research limitations/implications - The study is conducted with a small sample and hence, lacks the power to generalise findings to the broader Muslim male population. Practical implications - There is a strong need to modify the traditional western models of work-life conflict and facilitation and workplace policies designed to assist workers when dealing with minorities, such as Australian Muslims. By including religion, the research offers a fresh voice to work-life research and encourages to think about the salience of other life domains beside family, an issue of great concern within the work-life literature. Originality/value - This is one of the few studies to focus on Australian Muslim men and explore how religion fits into the current understanding of work-life balance.
Equality, Diversity and Inclusion
Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified