Cdc25-dependent activation of cyclin A/cdk2 is blocked in G2 phase arrested cells independently of ATM/ATR
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Cyclin A/cdk2 is active during S and G2 phases of the cell cycle, but its regulation and function during G2 phase is poorly understood. In this study we have examined the regulation of cyclin A/cdk2 activity during normal G2 phase progression and in genotoxin-induced G2 arrest. We show that cyclin A/cdk2 is activated in early G2 phase by a cdc25 activity. In the G2 phase checkpoint arrest initiated in response to various forms of DNA damage, the cdc25-dependent activation of both cyclin A/cdk2 and cyclin B1/cdc2 is blocked. Ectopic expression of cdc25B, but not cdc25C, in G2 phase arrested cells efficiently activated both cyclin A/cdk2 and cyclin B1/cdc2. Finally, we demonstrate that the block in cyclin A/cdk2 activation in the G2 checkpoint arrest is independent of ATM/ATR. We speculate that the ATM/ATR-independent block in G2 phase cyclin A/cdk2 activation may act as a further layer of checkpoint control, and that blocking G2 phase cyclin A/cdk2 activation contributes to the G2 phase checkpoint arrest.
PRE2009-Biochemistry and Cell Biology