Induction of tumor necrosis factor receptor type 2 gene expression by tumor necrosis factor-alpha in rat primary astrocytes
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Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique, the messenger RNA (mRNA) for tumor necrosis factor receptor type 2 (TNF-R2, 75/80 kDa) was detected in rat primary astrocytes, with much lower level of expression when compared to that for tumor necrosis factor receptor type 1 (TNF-R1, 55/60 kDa). Upon exposure to TNF-α (100 U/ml), the TNF-R2 mRNA level was greatly enhanced at 8 h, while TNF-R1 mRNA remained unchanged even after 24 h. The induction of TNF-R2 gene expression by TNF-α was dose-dependent and seemed to be unique to TNF-α, as interleukin-6 (IL-6) had no significant effect on TNF-R2 expression. Since TNF-R2 was reported to mediate mitogenic and gene-inducing effects in many other cell types, it is likely that the reported proliferative effect of TNF-α on astrocytes was also mediated by this TNF receptor subtype. Upon exposure to TNF-α or lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the expression of TNF-α gene was induced, and the LPS-induced TNF-α seemed to selectively enhance the TNF-R2 gene expression. Collectively, our results suggest that the TNF-α or LPS-induced expression of both TNF-R2 and TNF-α may provide a positive control mechanism to further enhance the proliferative effect of TNF-α in astrocytes.
PRE2009-Central Nervous System