Bridge topology optimisation with stress, displacement and frequency constraints
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The principal stress based evolutionary structural optimisation method is presented herein for topology optimisation of arch, tied arch, cable-stayed and suspension bridges with both stress and displacement constraints. Two performance index formulas are developed to determine the efficiency of the topology design. A refined mesh scheme is proposed to improve the details of the final topology without resorting to the complete analysis of a finer mesh. Furthermore, cable-supported bridges are optimised with frequency constraint incorporating the "nibbling" technique. The applicability, simplicity and effectiveness of the method are demonstrated through the topology optimisation of the four types of bridges.
Computers & Structures: an international journal
Copyright 2003 Elsevier. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.