Piezoelectricity of porous polytetrafluoroethylene single- and multiple-film electrets containing high charge densities of both polarities
Single-film bipolar electrets of porous polytetrafluoroethylene are generated by means of a two-step corona-charging process at elevated temperatures. Quasi-static direct piezoelectric coefficients of up to 0.15 nC/N have been observed on these films. In addition, multiple-layer stacks of porous and non-porous polytetrafluoroethylene films with monopolar charge were also investigated. While the piezoelectric responses of the stacks were not as high as those of the single films, the multiple-film arrangements may have other advantages such as better electrical shielding or tunable mechanical properties and adjustable acoustical impedance. Our new results are discussed in the context of the emerging field of porous polymer electrets with many potential device applications.
Applied Physics A: materials science & processing
PRE2009-Condensed Matter Physics-Electronic and Magnetic Properties; Superconduc