Shear properties of bilaminar polymethylmethacrylate cement mantles in revision hip joint arthroplasty.
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Although cement-within-cement revision arthroplasty minimizes the complications associated with removal of secure PMMA, failure at the interfacial region between new and old cement mantles remains a theoretical concern. This article assesses the variability in shear properties of bilaminar cement mantles related to duration of postcure and the use of antibiotic cements. Bilaminar cement mantles were 15% to 20% weaker than uniform mantles (P < .001) and demonstrated variability in shear strength related to duration of postcure of the freshly applied cement (P < .001). The use of Antibiotic Simplex did not significantly influence interfacial cement adhesion (P = .52). Interfacial adhesion by mechanisms other than mechanical interlock plays a significant role in the bond formed between new and old PMMA cements, with an important contribution by diffusion-based molecular interdigitation. In the presence of a secure cement-bone interface, we recommend cement-within-cement revision techniques in suitable patients.
Journal of Arthroplasty
Medical and Health Sciences