Effects of plant species on phosphorus availability in a range of grassland soils
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Vegetative conversion from grass to forest may influence soil nutrient dynamics and availability. A short-term (40 weeks) glasshouse experiment was carried out to investigate the impacts of ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and radiata pine (Pinus radiata) on soil phosphorus (P) availability in 15 grassland soils collected across New Zealand using 33P isotopic exchange kinetics (IEK) and chemical extraction methods. Results from this study showed that radiata pine took up more P (4.5-33.5 mg P pot-1) than ryegrass (1.1-15.6 mg pot-1) from the soil except in the Temuka soil in which the level of available P (e.g., E 1min Pi, bicarbonate extractable Pi) was very high. Radiata pine tended to be better able to access different forms of soil P, compared with ryegrass. There were no significant differences in the level of water soluble P (Cp, intensity factor) between soils under ryegrass and radiata pine, but the levels of Cp were generally lower compared with original soils due to plant uptake. The growth of both ryegrass and radiata pine resulted in the redistribution of soil P from the slowly exchangeable Pi pool (E > 10m Pi, reduced by 31.8% on the average) to the rapidly exchangeable Pi (E 1min-1d Pi, E 1d-10m Pi) pools in most soils. The values of R/r 1 (the capacity factor) were also generally greater in most soils under radiata pine compared with ryegrass. Specific P mineralisation rates were significantly greater for soils under radiata pine (8.4-21.9%) compared with ryegrass (0.5-10.8%), indicating that the growth of radiata pine enhanced mineralisation of soil organic P. This may partly be ascribed to greater root phosphatase activity for radiata pine than for ryegrass. Plant species נsoil type interactions for most soil variables measured indicate that the impacts of plant species on soil P dynamics was strongly influenced by soil properties.
Plant and Soil
HISTORY AND ARCHAEOLOGY