A scale for measuring hygiene behavior: Development, reliability and validity
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Background There is currently no general self-report measure for assessing hygiene behavior. This article details the development and testing of such a measure. Methods In studies 1 to 4, a total of 855 participants were used for scale and subscale development and for reliability and validity testing. The latter involved establishing the relationships between self-reported hygiene behavior and existing measures, hand hygiene behavior, illness rates, and a physiological marker of immune function. In study 5, a total of 507 participants were used to assess the psychometric properties of the final revised version of the scale. Results The final 23-item scale comprised 5 subscales: general, household, food-related, handwashing technique, and personal hygiene. Studies 1 to 4 confirmed the scale's reliability and validity, and study 5 confirmed the scale's 5-factor structure. Conclusions The scale is potentially suitable for multiple uses, in various settings, and for experimental and correlational approaches.
American Journal of Infection Control
Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified