Forecasting low voltage distribution network demand profiles using a pattern recognition based expert system
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The advent of distributed renewable energy supply sources and storage systems has placed a greater degree of focus on the operations of the Low Voltage (LV) electricity distribution network. However, LV networks are characterised by having much higher variability in time series demand meaning that modelling techniques solely relying on iterative forecasts to produce a next day demand profile forecast are insufficient. To cater for the complexity of LV network demand, a novel hybrid expert system comprised of three modules, namely, correlation clustering, discrete classification neural network, and a post-processing procedure was developed. The system operates by classifying a set of key variables associated with a future day and refining a recalled historical demand profile as the forecast. The expert system exhibited high hindcast accuracy when trained with a residential LV transformer's demand data with R2 values ranging from 0.86 to 0.87 and MAPE ranging from 11% to 12% across the three phases of the network. Under simulated real world conditions the R2 statistic reduced slightly to 0.81-0.84 and the MAPE increased to 12.5-13.5%. Future work will involve integrating the developed expert system for forecasting next day demand in an LV network into a comprehensive distributed energy resource management algorithm.
Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl. Renewable Power)