Respiratory Burns: A Clinical Review
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Respiratory injury in burns occurs as a result of thermal, chemical or systemic inflammatory effects. Inhalation injury occurs in up to 40% of patients admitted to hospital following burns. Three stages in the evolution of inhalation injury are described. The early phase (first 48 hours) is associated with pulmonary edema, acute respiratory distress syndrome, airway obstruction, and carbon monoxide and cyanide toxicity. During the middle phase (days to weeks), pneumonia and venous thromboembolism may develop. Late sequelae (months to years post burn injury), while uncommon, include reactive airways dysfunction syndrome, bronchiolitis obliterans and tracheal stenosis. Specific interventions early in the management of inhalation injury are necessary to prevent worsening the injury and minimizing late sequelae.
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified