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dc.contributor.authorAckerman, Jeffrey
dc.contributor.authorSchwartz, Jennifer
dc.date.accessioned2013-08-12
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-21T05:40:50Z
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-02T00:47:08Z
dc.date.available2017-03-02T00:47:08Z
dc.date.issued2001
dc.date.modified2014-08-21T05:40:50Z
dc.identifier.issn0011-1384
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1745-9125.2001.tb00946.x
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/62628
dc.description.abstractIn a previous Criminology article, Avakame (1998) applies hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) techniques to Supplementary Homicide Reports (SHR) to disentangle individual- and aggregate-level factors associated with offending. A close reading of his analysis reveals serious flaws in the dependent variable, which renders the results meaningless. Although it is ambiguous whether Avakame intended to model homicide “risk” or “frequency,” either is problematic. “Homicide frequency” has no logical connection to the individual-level predictors; “homicide risk” is constant in SHR data, which makes the analysis impossible. In detailing these problems, we spell out the logical data requirements and offer sound empirical examples for an HLM analysis.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
dc.publisher.placeUnited States
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom969
dc.relation.ispartofpageto979
dc.relation.ispartofjournalCriminology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume39
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminological Theories
dc.subject.fieldofresearchCriminology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchApplied Ethics
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPhilosophy
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode160204
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1602
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode2201
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode2203
dc.titleIn Search of a Dependent Variable: Comment on Avakame
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codec1x
gro.facultyArts, Education and Law
gro.rights.copyrightSelf-archiving of the author-manuscript version is not yet supported by this journal. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the author[s] for more information.
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorAckerman, Jeffrey


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