Temperate eucalypt woodlands [ Box 8.8: PPBio long-term ecological research plots in subtropical eucalypt woodland of Karawatha Forest within the Australian Supersite network ]
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There are many kinds of woodlands in Australia (Lindenmayer et al. 2005) including subtropical woodlands (Hobbs and Yates 2000). The Program for Planned Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research (PPBio) has established long-term ecological research (LTER) plots along an east-west subtropical rainfall gradient/transect including sites in coastal subtropical eucalypt woodland (Karawatha Forest, Brisbane) as well as in coastal heathland (Cooloola N.P), brigalow (Lake Broadwater NP, Dalby) and mulga-lands (Currawinya NP, Cunnamulla). PPBio is a meso-scale, multidisciplinary program designed for undertaking cost-effective and efficient ecological research and data collection (Magnusson et al. 2005, 2008; Costa and Magnusson 2010). PPBio LTER plots are based on a modification of the Gentry (1982) design, providing a standardised international model (http://ppbio.inpa.gov.br/) for biodiversity research (replicated globally in Australia, Brazil, Peru and Nepal). The PPBio approach can facilitate long-term ecological monitoring of key biotic and abiotic variables, while serving as a hub for ecological research responding to emerging and unforeseen priorities (Magnusson et al. 2005, 2008; Haughland et al. 2010; Hero et al. 2010). The PPBio standardised long-term ecological research plots focus on biodiversity measures that allow managers to monitor both the local impacts associated with local management practices (plots replicated within sites), and the long-term changes associated with changes in climate (standardised scale, plots and methodology among sites).
Biodiversity and Environmental Change: Monitoring, Challenges and Direction