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dc.contributor.authorPeel, Alison J
dc.contributor.authorHartley, Matt
dc.contributor.authorCunningham, Andrew A
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T16:17:31Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T16:17:31Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.date.modified2014-09-23T00:16:08Z
dc.identifier.issn0177-5103
dc.identifier.doi10.3354/dao02424
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/63095
dc.description.abstractThe international amphibian trade is implicated in the emergence and spread of the amphibian fungal disease chytridiomycosis, which has resulted in amphibian declines and extinctions globally. The establishment of the causal pathogen, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), in the UK could negatively affect the survival of native amphibian populations. In recognition of the ongoing threat that it poses to amphibians, Bd was recently included in the World Organisation for Animal Health Aquatic Animal Health Code, and therefore is in the list of international notifiable diseases. Using standardised risk analysis guidelines, we investigated the likelihood that Bd would be introduced to and become established in wild amphibians in the UK through the importation of live amphibians. We obtained data on the volume and origin of the amphibian trade entering the UK and detected Bd infection in amphibians being imported for the pet and private collection trade and also in amphibians already held in captive pet, laboratory and zoological collections. We found that current systems for recording amphibian trade into the UK underestimate the volume of non-European Union trade by almost 10-fold. We identified high likelihoods of entry, establishment and spread of Bd in the UK and the resulting major overall impact. Despite uncertainties, we determined that the overall risk estimation for the introduction of Bd to the UK through the importation of live amphibians is high and that risk management measures are required, whilst ensuring that negative effects on legal trade are minimised.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.format.extent316691 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherInter-Resaerch
dc.publisher.placeGermany
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom95
dc.relation.ispartofpageto112
dc.relation.ispartofjournalDiseases of Aquatic Organisms
dc.relation.ispartofvolume98
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchBiological sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMycology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchAgricultural, veterinary and food sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchFisheries sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchVeterinary epidemiology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode31
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode310705
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode30
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode300599
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode300905
dc.titleQualitative risk analysis of introducing Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis to the U K through the importation of live amphibians
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.rights.copyright© 2012 Inter Research. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorPeel, Alison J.


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