Micro- and Nanosystems meet biology: artificial life on a chip
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We highlight recent reviews and reports on the use of micro and nanosystems to solve biological problems. The matching length scale allows micro- and nanotechnology to create tools for engineering biological systems at molecular and cellular levels. Simple microdevices such as reactors, microchannels and concentration generators with features on the order of micrometers make the implementation of artificial life on a chip possible. These new tools allow for the investigation of complex gene expression dynamics and tissue or organ-level physiology. The next step will be the use of these tools as models for both health and disease for drug discovery.
Micro and Nanosystems
© 2014 Bentham Science Publishers. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal website for access to the definitive, published version.
Microelectromechanical Systems (MEMS)