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dc.contributor.authorJohnson, NW
dc.contributor.authorLalloo, R
dc.contributor.authorKroon, J
dc.contributor.authorFernando, S
dc.contributor.authorTut, O
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:09:55Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:09:55Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn0045-0421
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/adj.12190
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/63835
dc.description.abstractBackground: Children in remote Indigenous communities in Australia have levels of dental caries much greater than the national average. One such, the Northern Peninsula Area of Far North Queensland (NPA), had an oral health survey conducted in 2004, shortly before the introduction of fluoridated, reticular water. Children were again surveyed in 2012, following five years exposure. Methods: An oral examination was conducted on all consenting children enrolled in schools across the community, using WHO Basic Oral Health Survey methodology. Results: Few teeth had restorations in both surveys. Age-weighted overall caries prevalence and severity declined from 2005 to 2012 by 37.3%. The effect was most marked in younger children, dmft decreasing by approximately 50% for ages 4 - 9 years; at age 6, mean decayed score decreased from 5.20 to 3.43. DMFT levels also decreased by almost half in 6 - 9 year olds. However, significant unmet treatment needs exist at all ages. Conclusions: There has been considerable improvement in child dental health in the NPA over the past 6 - 7 years. In light of continued poor diet and oral hygiene, water fluoridation is the most likely explanation. The cost-effectiveness for this small community remains an issue which, in the current climate of political antagonism to water fluoridation in many quarters, requires continued study.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.format.extent98300 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing
dc.publisher.placeUnited Kingdom
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom366
dc.relation.ispartofpageto371
dc.relation.ispartofissue3
dc.relation.ispartofjournalAustralian Dental Journal
dc.relation.ispartofvolume59
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchDentistry not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchDentistry
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical Sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchPublic Health and Health Services
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110599
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1105
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1103
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode1117
dc.titleEffectiveness of water fluoridation in caries reduction in a remote Indigenous community in Far-North Queensland
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.facultyGriffith Health, School of Dentistry and Oral Health
gro.rights.copyrightAuthor Posting. Copyright 2014 Australian Dental Association. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Australian Dental Association for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Australian Dental Journal, Vol. 59(3), pp. 366-371.
gro.date.issued2015-09-16T05:38:04Z
gro.hasfulltextFull Text
gro.griffith.authorJohnson, Newell W.
gro.griffith.authorKroon, Jeroen
gro.griffith.authorFernando, Surani
gro.griffith.authorTut, Ohnmar
gro.griffith.authorLalloo, Ratilal


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