Wave Attenuation over a Rigid Porous Medium on a Sandy Seabed
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In this study, an analytic solution of wave interaction with a rigid porous medium above a poro-elastic sandy bottom is derived to investigate the attenuation of the surface wave and the wave-induced soil response. In the model, both inertial and damping effects of the flow are considered in the rigid porous region using the potential theory, while the consolidation theory is adopted in the sand region. A new complex dispersion relation involving parameters of the rigid porous and the poro-elastic medium is obtained. The analytic solutions are verified by some special cases, such as wave interaction with a porous structure over an impermeable bottom or wave interaction with a poro-elastic medium only. Numerical results indicate that the wave attenuation is highly dependent upon the thickness of the rigid porous layer, the soil stiffness, and their respective coefficients of permeability. Increasing the thickness of the rigid porous layer will shorten the wavelength of the surface wave regardless of the sand coarseness. The pore pressure in fine-sand is larger than in coarse sand, with both decaying with wave progression. It is also found that increasing the thickness of the rigid porous medium will effectively reduce the pore pressure in the sand. For the applications, an extended hyperbolic mild-slope equation is finally obtained, based on the basic analytic solutions. Examples of the wave height transformation over submerged permeable breakwaters on a slope sandy seabed are given. The simulated results show that the wave decay of the coarse sand seabed is larger than those of fine-sand and impermeable seabeds when waves pass after the submerged porous breakwater. The wave damping versus the friction factor for various height of the submerged breakwater is discussed.
Journal of Engineering Mechanics
Civil Geotechnical Engineering