Intravascular device use, management, documentation and complications: A point prevalence survey
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Objective To examine the use, management, documentation and complications for intravascular devices in cardiac, medical and surgical inpatients. Methods A point prevalence survey was undertaken in a large tertiary hospital in Queensland. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse data. Results Of the 327 patients assessed, 192 (58.7%) had one or more devices in situ. Of the 220 devices, 190 (86.4%) were peripheral venous catheters, 25 (11.4%) were peripherally inserted central catheters and five (2.3%) were central venous catheters. Sixty-two of 220 devices (28.2%) were in situ without a clear purpose, whereas 54 (24.7%) had one or more complications, such as redness, pain, tracking, oedema or oozing. There was no documentation on the daily patient care record to indicate that a site assessment had occurred within the past 8 h for 25% of the devices in situ. Conclusions The present study identified several problems and highlighted areas for improvement in the management and documentation for intravascular devices. Ongoing education, promoting good clinical practice and reauditing, can be applied to improve the management of devices. What is known about the topic? Intravascular devices are associated with health care-related infections, including rare but serious bloodstream infections Measures for reducing healthcare-associated infection related to devices include surveillance with feedback. What does this paper add? This paper complements other surveillance data undertaken in similar-sized institutions with similar patients. Ongoing surveillance and education is required to maintain best clinical practice and management of devices. What are the implications for practitioners? Health care-associated infections are a serious problem and have negative outcomes for both patients and organisations. Intravascular devices may be associated with bloodstream infections, so prudent clinical care and management of devices is important. All devices should be assessed at least daily for their continued need and removed promptly if no longer required.
Australian Health Review
© 2014 AHHA. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Clinical Nursing: Secondary (Acute Care)