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dc.contributor.authorN. Springer, Ingoen_US
dc.contributor.authorZernial, Oliveren_US
dc.contributor.authorH. Warnke, Patricken_US
dc.contributor.authorWiltfang, Jörgen_US
dc.contributor.authorA.J. Russo, Paulen_US
dc.contributor.authorWolfart, Stefanen_US
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T14:41:49Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T14:41:49Z
dc.date.issued2009en_US
dc.identifier.issn10105182en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jcms.2008.04.001en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/64713
dc.description.abstractBackground In a previous study we focused on gender specific nasal shapes. The aim of this study was to evaluate if preferences in nasal shape are also dependent on the gender of the observer. Methods Stratified on the basis of each photographed subject's (n = 311) own evaluation, female and male composite pictures of "average" (n = 128, each), "optimal" (n = 16, each) and "most unpleasant" (n = 8, each) noses were created in a previous study. These composites were assessed by 308 independent female and male judges using a visual analogue scale. Results On average, female judges were found to accord significantly higher ratings of attractiveness as compared to male judges for the composite images independent of the gender of the person shown (p = 0.020). The difference was greatest when assessing most unpleasant male composites (p < 0.003) but was not apparent when assessing "optimal" female and "optimal" male noses. Despite this, women displayed the same preferences for "optimal" and "average" noses as compared to the "most unpleasant" noses. In assessing their own noses, women were significantly less satisfied with their appearance in general (p = 0.001) as compared to men. Conclusions In comparison to men, women are more critical in assessing the appearance of their own nose as opposed to the noses of other people. The implications of this for rhinoplasty, so far as considering the degree of influence of the gender of a person assessing a prospective patient's nose remains a matter of conjecture.en_US
dc.description.peerreviewedYesen_US
dc.description.publicationstatusYesen_US
dc.languageEnglishen_US
dc.publisherLippincott Williams & Wilkinsen_US
dc.publisher.placeUnited Statesen_US
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationNen_US
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom3en_US
dc.relation.ispartofpageto7en_US
dc.relation.ispartofissue1en_US
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgeryen_US
dc.relation.ispartofvolume37en_US
dc.rights.retentionYen_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchDentistry not elsewhere classifieden_US
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode110599en_US
dc.titleNasal shape and gender of the observer: Implications for rhinoplastyen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Peer Reviewed (HERDC)en_US
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articlesen_US
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorWarnke, Patrick H.


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