Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorBurnell, Fiona J
dc.contributor.authorHolmes, Mark A
dc.contributor.authorRoiko, Anne H
dc.contributor.authorLowe, John B
dc.contributor.authorHeil, Gary L
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Sarah K
dc.contributor.authorGray, Gregory C
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-03T15:31:26Z
dc.date.available2017-05-03T15:31:26Z
dc.date.issued2014
dc.identifier.issn1386-6532
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jcv.2013.11.011
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10072/64957
dc.description.abstractBackground Equine influenza virus (EIV) is considered enzootic in Europe (except Iceland), Asia, North Africa, and North and South America. When EIV outbreaks occur they may severely impact the equine and tourist industries. Australia faced its first EIV outbreak beginning in August of 2007. The outbreak was concentrated in New South Wales and Queensland, with more than 1400 confirmed EIV infections in horses during the first month. Rapid response from the equine industry and the federal government was successful and Australia was declared free from EIV by the end of 2007. Objectives This cross-sectional study was designed to examine associations between exposure to EIV-infected horses and evidence of EIV infection in humans. Study design Employing informed consent, between October 2007 and April 2008, 100 subjects (89 with horse exposures and 11 non-exposed) were enrolled during equine events and at the University of the Sunshine Coast. All subjects provided a blood sample and were asked to complete an online questionnaire including health history, animal exposure and demographic information. Sera samples were tested for the presence of antibodies against two H3N8 EIV strains using microneutralization, hemagglutination inhibition, and enzyme-linked lectin assays. Results Evidence for H3N8 infection was sparse, with only 9 study participants having any indication of H3N8 infection and the seroreactivity seen was low and easily explained by cross-reactions against human influenza strains or vaccines. Conclusions These data provide little evidence to support the premise that EIV infections occurred among humans exposed to EIV-infected horses during the 2007 Australian epizootic.
dc.description.peerreviewedYes
dc.description.publicationstatusYes
dc.languageEnglish
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.publisher.placeNetherlands
dc.relation.ispartofstudentpublicationN
dc.relation.ispartofpagefrom100
dc.relation.ispartofpageto103
dc.relation.ispartofissue2
dc.relation.ispartofjournalJournal of Clinical Virology
dc.relation.ispartofvolume59
dc.rights.retentionY
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMicrobiology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchOther biological sciences not elsewhere classified
dc.subject.fieldofresearchClinical sciences
dc.subject.fieldofresearchMedical microbiology
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3107
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode319999
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3202
dc.subject.fieldofresearchcode3207
dc.titleLittle evidence of human infection with equine influenza during the 2007 epizootic, Queensland, Australia
dc.typeJournal article
dc.type.descriptionC1 - Articles
dc.type.codeC - Journal Articles
gro.hasfulltextNo Full Text
gro.griffith.authorRoiko, Anne H.


Files in this item

FilesSizeFormatView

There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

  • Journal articles
    Contains articles published by Griffith authors in scholarly journals.

Show simple item record