Understanding the differential benefits of training for the unemployed
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This study examined the connection between background variables (length of unemployment and number of previous training courses), dispositional variables (positive affect and negative affect), perceptions of training climate, and psychological outcomes for unemployed trainees. The trainees in the experimental condition improved their levels of general self-efficacy and psychological distress after a two-day pre-training intervention, with many of these improvements being maintained for five weeks. The measures of length of unemployment, number of previous training courses, and the perceptions of the training climate did not account for any unique variance in either of the well-being measures at T1 or T3. Positive and negative affect accounted for 30% of the variance in initial levels of general self-efficacy and 45% of the variance in initial levels of psychological distress. The addition of PA and NA also accounted for a significant slice of the variance in the T3 levels of general self-efficacy (22%) and psychological distress (32%). It was concluded that components of dispositional affect are the main influence on how individuals perceive stimuli in the environment and subsequently regulate their emotional response.
Australian Journal of Psychology
© 2003 Australian Psychological Society. This is the author-manuscript version of the paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version.