Dysinosin A: A Novel Inhibitor of Factor VIIa and Thrombin from a New Genus and Species of Australian Sponge of the Family Dysideidae
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A new marine natural product dysinosin A 1 has been isolated from a new genus and species of sponge of the family Dysideidae found near Lizard Island, North Queensland, Australia. Dysinosin A is a potent inhibitor of the blood coagulation cascade factor VIIa and an inhibitor of the serine protease thrombin. Among the distinctive features of dysinosin A are the presence of a 5,6-dihydroxy-octahydroindole-2-carboxylic acid, 3-amino-ethyl 1-N-amidino-?-3-pyrroline, a sulfated glyceric acid, and d-leucine, assembled through three peptidic linkages. Dysinosin A inhibited factor VIIa at a Ki of 108 nM and thrombin at a Ki of 452 nM. The identification of the 1-N-amidino-?-3-pyrroline and 5,6-dihydroxy-octahydroindole-2-carboxylic acid as P1 and P2 moieties respectively, should pave the way for the design and synthesis of new structure-based inhibitors.
Journal of the American Chemical Society
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